More than half of the districts in Indonesia have been declared malaria-free in 2017 (the Lancelet). Indonesia is aiming at becoming malaria-free by 2030. Successful measures have resulted in the annual parasite incidence rate falling, a decline in the confirmed case rate, and reduction in the mortality rate. Indonesia’s malaria transmission is geographically asymmetrical with 80% of the cases found in the eastern part of the nation (APMEN). To achieve the 2030 target, a variety of malaria elimination strategies based on endemicity rate must be implemented. The fifth species of malaria is Plasmodium knowlesi. It is recognized as a cause of potentially fatal human malaria in the forest areas of Southeast Asia. There was a clinical case of P. knowlesi malaria acquired in Indonesia and imported to Australia. The host of this malaria species is a monkey.
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